While hemp and marijuana are both varieties of Cannabis sativa, they are different in a number of ways, with the main difference being concentration of psychoactive cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is low in hemp but relatively high in marijuana. Other differences include superior fiber quality and higher seed yield of many hemp varieties. Hemp typically contains low level of cannabidiol (CBD), non-psychoactive cannabinoid with many medicinal applications. Modern genetic lines bioengineered by InPlanta contain relatively high levels of CBD.
Hemp was selectively bred for a range of consumer and industrial uses and has been grown in Asia for centuries. Hemp stalks can grow up to four meters tall, without needing pesticides, and are skinnier and taller than marijuana plants. Unlike marijuana, hemp is relatively easy to grow outdoors in a range of climates.
Hemp hearts (shelled seeds) and hemp protein produced from milled seeds are highly nutritious meals containing most of the essential amino acids and very balanced oil composition as are hemp milk made from soaked seeds and hemp juices from cold-pressing foliage and leaves.
Hemp is a superior energy crop as fuel pellets made from the shiv or core of the stem are like wood pellets, with comparable heat qualities with low ash levels and safe use in a wide range of pellet burners.
Hemp crops produce bast fibers where hybridized varieties will revitalize and diversify carpet, yarn, rope, geotextile (netting or matting), paper, sacks, and other uses locally and in export markets.
Hemp is being applied to and developed for commercial uses from superior-insulating composite wall boards, and as hempcrete; a lighter-weight, better-insulating, crack-resistant block for residential exterior walls.
The range of product applications contemplated includes a number of core strains which have been the focus of the work by our technology partner, InPlanta Biotechnology. These strains have been bio-engineered to provide a discernible benefit around the food, fuel, fibre and foundation pillars of the hemp industry as exists in the licensed regions and will be used to support and stimulate growth in the local hemp sectors.